951 – Welness and Village tour – 12 DAYS

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CHENNAI | MAHABALIPURAM | PONDICHERRY | TANJORE | MADURAI | THEKKADY | KUMARAKOM | ALLEPPEY | COCHIN

Tour No: 951
WELLNESS VILLAGE TOURS 12 DAYS TOUR
Tour Commencing From Chennai And Completing @ Cochin

TOUR PROGRAMME:

DAY 01:
ARRIVE CHENNAI – OVERNIGHT STAY AT CHENNAI – Hotel La Woods http://www.lawoodshotel.com/

Visit to an Indian night Club in Chennai– Can be organized in Chennai but only on Fridays and Saturday. And only couples are allowed to enter the Clubs. But Stag will not be allowed in clubs

DAY 02:
CHENNAI – OVERNIGHT STAY AT CHENNAI – Hotel La Woods http://www.lawoodshotel.com/

Yoga and Meditation.
Medical Consultation on general health with Ayurvedic siddha and Allopathy doctors.
Stress free management programme.
Lunch with non-cooked vegetables food served to learn about healthy nutrition dishes.
Cleansing process prayer to remove negative forces and creating positive energy for every individual.
Cooking class with modern kitchen in the staying hotel to learn about cooking Indian food and special dinner with the food prepared by guest and hotel chef.

DAY 03:
CHENNAI – OVERNIGHT STAY AT CHENNAI – Hotel La Woods http://www.lawoodshotel.com/

Yoga and meditation.
Foot massage.

Chennai has innumerable places of tourist interest. It is the Gateway to South India and 368 years old, and the 34th largest metropolitan city in the world. One cannot fail to notice the dominant British influences in the city.

Chennai Sightseeing – Poes garden Area, Kapaleeswarar temple, Fort St. George Museum, Mylapore St Thomas Cathedral Church, Marina Beach, and drive through War memorial, Fort St George, High Court Buildings, Parrys Corner, Flower Bazar Market, Rippon building and Armenian Church..

DAY 04:
MAHABALIPURAM, PONDICHERRY – OVERNIGHT STAY AT PONDICHERRY – Hotel Shenbaga http://www.shenbagahotel.com/

(Drive Chennai ToMahabalipuram 2 Hrs.)
Check out the Hotel After Breakfast & Leave around 08:00 am.
MAHABALIPURAM – The rock carvings at Mahabalipuram are notable for the delightful freshness and simplicity of their folk art origins. The Shore Temple in particular, strikes a very romantic theme and is one of the most photographed monuments in India now ravaged by wind and sea.
Mahabalipuram Sightseeing – Five Rathas, Arjuna’s Penance, Krishna Mandapam, Shore Temple and Beach.
(Drive MahabalipuramTo Pondicherry 2 Hrs.)

PONDICHERRY is a living monument of French culture in India. The town was once upon a time, an abode of scholars well versed in the Vedas. Beaches in Puducherry are Promenade Beach, Paradise Beach, The Auroville Beach and Serenity Beach. Sri Aurobindo Ashram is one of the best-known and wealthiest ashrams in India.

Pondicherry Sightseeing Aurobindo Ashram, ManakulaVinayagar temple and Beach.

DAY 05:
TANJORE – OVERNIGHT STAY AT TANJORE – Hotel Lakshmi http://www.lakshmihotel.in/
Yoga and meditation.
(Drive Pondicherry ToTanjore 4 ½ Hrs.)
Check out the Hotel After Breakfast & Leave around 08:00 am.
Tanjore Sightseeing – Big temple.

DAY 06:
TANJORE – OVERNIGHT STAY AT TANJORE – Hotel Lakshmi http://www.lakshmihotel.in/

Yoga and meditation.

Bullock cart ride in Village
Paddy field visit and learning Planting vegetables and agriculture work.
Drinking Tender Coconut Water and visiting coconut farm.
Driving around village and meeting villagers.

DAY 07:
MADURAI – OVERNIGHT STAY AT MADURAI – Hotel Star Residencyhttp://www.starresidencyhotels.com/

Yoga and meditation.

(Drive Tanjoreto Madurai 3 ½ Hrs.)
Check out the Hotel After Breakfast & Leave around 08:00 am.
MADURAI is the great capital of Pandya Dynasty and centre of Tamil culture and learning. Madurai’s cultural heritage goes back 2,500 years, and the city has conducted trade as far as Rome and Greece since as early as 550 B.C.
Madurai Sightseeing – Meenakshi Amman Temple, PazhamudirSolaiMurugan temple, Pathinettampadikaruppu temple, and ThiruparamkundramMurugan Temple

DAY 08:
THEKKADY – OVERNIGHT STAY AT THEKKADY – Hotel Peppervine- www.peppervine.in

Yoga and meditation.

(Drive Madurai To Thekkady 4 Hrs.)
Check out the Hotel After Breakfast & Leave around 08:00 am.
THEKKADY – The Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for its dense evergreen, semi – evergreen, moist deciduous forests and savanna grass lands. The Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary is spread across 777 sqkms, of which 360 sqkms is thick evergreen forest. It was declared a Tiger Reserve.

DAY 09:
KUMARAKOM– OVERNIGHT STAY AT KUMARAKOM–LAKSHMI RESORT http://www.lakshmiresorts.com/

Yoga and meditation.

(Drive Thekkady To Kumarakom 4 Hrs.)
Check out the Hotel After Breakfast & Leave around 08:00 am.
KUMARAKOM is a tourist village. It is a cluster of small islands on the Vembanad Lake in Kerala. Kumarakom has a wide variety of houseboats and is one of the most beautiful villages in the world. Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary is a noted sanctuary visited by many species of migratory birds. Kumarakom Sightseeing- Bird Sanctuary and Backwater sightseeing.

DAY 10:
ALLEPPEY – OVERNIGHT STAY AT HOUSE BOAT WITH DELUXE (INCLUDING BREAKFAST, LUNCH AND DINNER)

Yoga and meditatiom

(Drive Kumarakom to Alleppey 1 ½ Hrs.)
Check out the Hotel after Breakfast & Leave around 08:00 am.
House Boat.
Visiting Toddy Shop.
Learn fishing in the lake from the house boat.

DAY 11:
COCHIN – OVERNIGHT STAY AT COCHIN – Hotel Yuvarani Residency http://www.yuvaraniresidency.com/

(Drive Alleppey to Cochin 2 Hrs.)
Check out the Hotel After Breakfast & Leave around 08:00 am.
KOCHI formerly known as Cochin is one of the principal seaports of the country. Kochi was the centre of Indian spice trade for many centuries and was known to the Yavanas, Greeks as well as Romans, Jews, Arabs and Chinese, since ancient times. Cochin Sightseeing – ChottanikaraiBagavathi Amman temple, Mattancherry Palace, Jewish synagogue, Dutch palace and St. Francis church.

DAY 12:
FLY BACK

“ Transfer “ to Airport or Railway Station for return journey after completion of tour. Based on the Guest’s Departure time and Operational possibilities, Vehicle will be provided for Guest’s own choice of programmes i.e. sightseeing, shopping, entertainment, village tour, meeting friends & relatives and cultural programmes like dance, music, cinema, etc at Departure city. Vehicle is placed at the Guest’s disposal.

TOUR NO – 951

  • PRICE QUOTED BELOW BASED ON PER PERSON AND IN INR RUPEES
GROUP SIZE NUMBER OF PERSONS NUMBER OF ROOM PROVIDED AC ROOMS & BREAKFAST WITH 3 STAR HOTELS & TRANSPORT AC & PRICE PER PERSON IN RUPEES INR
2 PERSONS ONE ROOM 139178
3 PERSONS ONE ROOM 102603
4 PERSONS TWO ROOM 92689
5 PERSONS TWO ROOM 80042
6 PERSONS THREE ROOM 77193
7 PERSONS THREE ROOM 70373
8 PERSONS FOUR ROOM 69444
9 PERSONS FOUR ROOM 65001
10 PERSONS FIVE ROOM 64796
CHILD 5 – 12 YEARS ADL BED 29453
1 PAX SINGLE SUPPLEMENT ONE ROOM 136483
1 PAX SINGLE TRAVELLER ONE ROOM 260453

Terms and Definitions

1 Pax single traveller is expensive since the accommodation and transport is exclusively for one person and not shared by anyone.

Tour Price includes:

✔ Standard Room including taxes.
✔ Daily Breakfast.
✔ Transportation – Air-conditioned independent vehicle with driver is provided as per the programme detailed below for airport pickup and drop, sightseeing, shopping and traveling from one city to another city. (TOYOTA INNOVA VEHICLE FOR THE GROUP SIZE 2 TO 5 PAX & TEMPO TRAVELLER COACH FOR THE GORUP SIZR 6 TO 10 PAX)

✔ Including fuel, driver allowances, parking fee, permit fee, toll fee and taxes.
✔ Yoga and Meditation sessions 2 days at Chennai
✔ Medical Consultation on general health with Ayurvedic /siddha /Allopathy doctors in Chennai
✔ Stress free management programme in Chennai
✔ One session of cooking class withLunch non-cooked vegetables food served to learn about healthy nutrition dishes.
✔ Cleansing process prayer to remove negative forces and creating positive energy for every individual in Chennai

✔ Bullock cart ride in Village – Tanjore
✔ Paddy field visit and learning Planting vegetables and agriculture work at Tanjore
✔ Drinking Tender Coconut Water and visiting coconut farm at Tanjore
✔ Driving around village and meeting villagers near Tanjore
✔ House Boat Overnight Stay at Alleppey
✔ Visiting village Toddy Shop (optional) at Alleppey
✔ Learn fishing in the lake from the house boat at Alleppey
✔ One full day meal lunch and dinner while staying at House Boat at Alleppey.
✔ One special dinner at Chennai with La Woods Hotel

The above Tour Price does not include:

✔ Lunch and dinner
✔ Entrance ticket at places of interest
✔ Guide service
✔ Train ticket and Domestic Air ticket – if any
✔ International air ticket
✔ All personal expense
✔ All other expenses not mentioned in the price includes list

NOTES

✔ Hotel check in and check out will be 12 00’noon.
✔ Hotels provided with standard Rooms only.
✔ Hotels booking will be subject to availability.
✔ Not holding any reservation now as this is quote only.
✔ Reservation will be done only after receiving confirmation from your side.
✔ In Munnar, Thekkady, only Non AC Rooms are provided as these are Hill Stations.
✔ Generally all Temples in India are closed from 12 Noon to 16.00 Hrs.

Detail description about activities and sightseeing spots in and around to the places of Traveling.
Depending the feasibilities, based on timing, schedule, travelling time and guest desire the below mentioned tourists attractions, Sightseeing spots, Activities are shown to the guests. It is not promised that all the places mentioned below can be covered and shown to the guests.

CHENNAI

Chennai Marina Beach, Kapaleeswar Temple, Fort St. George, Museum, Santhome Cathedral Basilica, St. Thomas Church, St. Thomas Mount. Chennai has innumerable places of tourist interest. It is the Gateway to South India and 368 years old, and the 34th largest metropolitan city in the world. One cannot fail to notice the dominant British influences in the city. But Chennai retains a charming characteristic of a typical South Indian heritage. Fort St. George was built by the East India Company. Fort Museum contains many relics pertaining to the reign of the East India Company and British India. St. Mary’s Church is the oldest Anglican Church in Asia, the first English Church in Chennai and the oldest surviving British Church in India National Art Gallery and Government Museum has an excellent archaeological section and also houses a good ethnological collection of the Cholas. The Marina Beach is the second longest beach in the world. St. Thomas Mount is a small hillock, where the Apostle, St. Thomas was believed to have been killed by his assassins. Kapaleeswar temple is an ancient Shiva temple constructed in the Dravidian style and displays the architectural elements. St Thomas Cathedral- Santhome Cathedral Basilica is said to house the remains of St. Thomas, the Apostle.

MAHABALIPURAM

Mahabalipuram – The rock carvings at Mahabalipuram are notable for the delightful freshness and simplicity of their folk art origins. It is one of the world famous monument sites of the country and is classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The mandapa or pavilions and the rathas or shrines shaped as temple chariots are hewn from a granite rock face, while the famed Shore Temple, erected half a century later, was built from dressed stone. The Shore Temple in particular, strikes a very romantic theme and is one of the most photographed monuments in India now ravaged by wind and sea. Five Rathas – The five rathas are sculptured temples in the style of chariots and carved from solid rock. Krishna Mandapam – It features carvings of a pastoral scene.

PONDICHERRY

Pondicherry is a living monument of French culture in India. The town was once upon a time, an abode of scholars well versed in the Vedas. Joseph François Dupleix became the Governor of this French Territory in India. Internal disturbances in Puducherry gave the British, the opportunity to gain control. However, after the Treaty of Paris, the British restored the settlements to the French. French Influence – The design of the city was based on the French grid pattern. (Originally Dutch, the plans of Pondicherry dating from the end of the seventeenth century are preserved in the National Archives at The Hague). The city has many colonial buildings, churches, temples and statues, which, combined with the systematic town planning and the well planned French style avenues, still preserve much of the colonial ambience. Beaches in Puducherry are Promenade Beach, Paradise Beach, The Auroville Beach and Serenity Beach. Sri Aurobindo Ashram is one of the best-known and wealthiest ashrams in India. Auroville is meant to be a universal town where men and women of all countries are able to live in peace and progressive harmony, above any creed, politics and nationalities. The heritage buildings and monuments present around the Promenade beach are the Children’s Park & Dupleix Statue, Gandhi statue, Nehru Statue, Le Café, French War Memorial, 19th Century Light House, Bharathi Park, Governor’s Palace, Romain Rolland Library, Legislative Assembly, Puducherry Museum and the French Institute of Pondicherry. The French and the British tried to remove the deity from this place and even threw the deity in the sea. But the deity came back to the same place.Peace Of Mind – PONDICHERRY SRI MANAKULA VINAYAGAR TEMPLE was in existence even before the French came and settled in Pondicherry i.e. before 1666. The local people called their God as ManalKulathuVinayagar meaning God near the pond of sand. Later it was known as MANAKULA VINAYAGAR. The Jesuits and missionaries tried but could not demolish ManakulaVinayagar temple. The French and the British lived in this part of the town. They made every effort to remove the deity from this place and even threw the deity in the sea but every time they did this, the deity came back to the same place. Later a temple was built near the shores of the Bay of Bengal as per the GanapathyAgamam and was named BhuvanesaVinayagar Temple. ThollaikkathuSiddhar, a saint standing 6ft tall, with broad forehead, glittering blissful eyes, big hole bearing ear, small pot bellied with hand extending up to knee cap and hands with lotus regai, guru medu and sanimedu at a height showing arulgnanaregai, got enlightenment from this deity and attained Samadhi in this temple, nearly 300 years ago. From then on, people bring their new born here for worship before going to any other temple. The temple is 300 years old and its early history is marked by trouble, with the French ordering that the annual festival around the streets of Pondicherry should not take place. This caused unrest among the people and 15,000 of them gathered to set off towards Chennai. As they were all workers in a textile factory, the authorities revoked their decision, fearing that work would be affected. This type of incident kept repeating till, strangely, Dupleix, the great French leader himself developed affection for the idol. Such are the winning ways of Lord Vinayaka! who lives in a region bound by sand”. To the Eastern side of the temple lies the sea and the sand. Inside the temple, there is a small pond, which the priest will show to the devotee with the help of a lit camphor. Though the pond is close to the sea, the water is clear. It is believed that anything put into the pond will turn black in colour.

TANJORE

Thanjavur or Tanjoreis the home of Tanjore painting that is unique and popular around the world. It is one of the oldest cities in India and has a long and varied history. The city rose into prominence during the rule of the Later Cholas when it served as the capital of the Cholaempire. The historical buildings are the Vijayanagara Fort, which contains a palace, a Bell Tower and the SaraswathiMahal Library, which contains over 30,000 Indian and European manuscripts written on palm leaf and paper. The Brihadeeshwara Temple built by RajarajaChola was completed around 1010 AD. It also acted as a repository of the empire’s records, as the great Rajaraja had its walls covered with numerous inscriptions, recording his conquests and his endowments to various charities. The Big Temple is a superb and fascinating monument. Thanjavur has produced many classical musicians and Bharathanatyam dancers. Tanjore is well known for bronze sculptures, unique Tanjore paintings, Thavil, a divine instrument Veena, Thanjavur dolls and Tanjore plates.

MADURAI

MADURAI is the great capital of Pandya Dynasty and centre of Tamil culture and learning. Madurai one of the oldest inhabited cities in India. Madurai’s cultural heritage goes back 2,500 years, and the city has conducted trade as far as Rome and Greece since as early as 550 B.C. Madurai’s Meenakshi-Sundareswarar temple, which stands today as one of India’s greatest cultural and architectural landmarks, was originally built by the early Pandya King Kulasekara. ThirumalaiNayakarMahal – This palace complex was constructed by ThirumalaiNayakar – The original palace complex was four times bigger than the present structure. The ceilings are decorated with large paintings. The portico was constructed with bricks and mortar without the support of a single rafter or girder. The stucco work on its domes and arches is remarkable. The gigantic pillars and structures represent architectural mastery. The courtyard, the dancing hall and the 248 pillars, each 58 feet tall and 5 feet in diameter are divine attractions for visitors.

THEKKADY

The Wildlife Sanctuary in Thekkady is famous for its dense evergreen, semi – evergreen, moist deciduous forests and savanna grass lands. It is home to herds of elephants, sambar, tigers, gaur, lion-tailed Macaques and NilgiriLangurs. The splendid artificial lake formed by the Mullaiperiyar Dam across the Periyar River adds to the charm of the park. The greatest attraction of the Periyar are the herds of wild elephants that come down to play in the lake. Thekkady is considered a haven for natural spices such as black pepper, cardamom, cinnamon and clove.

KUMARAKOM

KOVALAM is famous for its clean, peaceful and non-polluted beach town. Kovalam has three crescent shaped beaches separated by rocky outcroppings. Shallow waters stretching for hundreds of metres, are ideal for swimming. Kovalam shot into limelight in the early seventies with the arrivals of numerous hippies. Kovalam is now finding a new significance in the light of several Ayurvedic salons, recuperation and regeneration resorts which provide a wide variety of Ayurvedic treatments. It is a sheltered bay, endowed with unusual beauty which retains a certain charm and is still popular with backpacking travelers, craving some rest and recreation on the long haul, across the subcontinent. The beaches have steep palm covered headlands and are lined with shops that offer all kinds of goods and services.

ALLEPPEY

ALAPPUZHA, also known as Alleppey, it is a town with picturesque canals, backwaters, beaches and was described as the Venice of the East by Marco Polo. Alappuzha had trade relations with ancient Greece and Rome. Houseboats locally called “Kettuvallam” are available on hire on a daily basis as well as for longer durations besides overnight stay to take visitors on the old waterways. A routine trip includes food cooked on board. The main cultural and spiritual events of Alappuzha are ChambakkulamMoolam, ChettikulangaraBharani, Nehru Trophy and Snake boat races. These are the most significant traditional events in Alappuzha, involving long thin boats rowed by 120 oarsmen.

COCHIN

KOCHI formerly known as Cochin is one of the principal seaports of the country. Heralded as the Queen of Arabian Sea, Kochi was the site of the first European colonial settlement in India. It was occupied by the Portuguese in 1503 and remained the capital of Portuguese India, until 1530, when they opted for Goa as their capital. The city was later occupied by the Dutch and the British. Kochi was the centre of Indian spice trade for many centuries and was known to the Yavanas, Greeks as well as Romans, Jews, Arabs and Chinese, since ancient times. St. Francis CSI Church is the oldest European church in India and has great historical significance as a mute witness to the European colonial struggle in the subcontinent. The Portuguese explorer, Vasco da Gama, died in Kochi in 1524 when he was on his third visit to India. His body was originally buried in this Church, but after fourteen years his remains were removed to Lisbon. The Santa Cruz Basilica, a church in Kochi built originally by the Portuguese and elevated to a Cathedral by Pope Paul IV, was spared by the Dutch conquerors who destroyed many Catholic buildings. Later the British demolished the structure and Bishop João Gomes Ferreira commissioned a new building. Santa Cruz Basilica, a Roman Catholic Cathedral is one of the finest and most impressive churches in Kerala. It is a place of devotion as well as a centre of historical significance, endowed with architectural and artistic grandeur and colors of the gothic style.

YOGA AND MEDITATION

Yoga and Meditation, India being the origin for the world-renowned yoga practices. Yoga is a physical, mental and spiritual practice that makes us lead a much healthier lifestyle. Your stay may be a short or long one, but we offer yoga sessions that covers all the basic and advanced yoga practices. We have with us the best yoga teacher.
Yoga practice derived form of yogi tradition that has been maintained in its full sanctity and vibrancy for thousands of years. The classes will be conducted by our highly trained teachers who will offer the classical yoga in its full depth and dimension. Yoga address you issues relating, weight loss, pregnancy, Child birth, diabetics, hypertension and infertility and gain achievement, relaxation and pain management as well as brings in a great change in a person’s lifestyle by maintaining a stable peace of mind. Start controlling your body with yoga to create a healthy lifestyle even during your stay with us.

YOGA BENEFITS

✓ Weight loss and regularizing sleep
✓ Exercise your joints and muscles
✓ Release stress and tiredness
✓ Develop mind & body coordination
✓ Strengthens the organ
✓ Helps alleviate arthritis and asthma
✓ Cures hypertension and migraine
✓ Release from chronic ailments
✓ Slowing down of aging process
✓ Increases concentration & memory power

MEDICAL CONSULTATION

The Integrated healthcare services are scientifically structured to combine the sublime wisdom of ancient Indian disciplines of Yoga, Siddha and Ayurveda as well as the modern expertise of Allopathy provided the right combination of Ayurveda & Siddha medicines, Ayurvedic therapies, yoga practices, personalized diet and lifestyle plans to heal, cleanse, relax, feel alive and be in conscious harmony with yourself.

STRESS MANAGEMENT

This is very effective for reducing a stress from the job, personal life surrounding. This is a combination of different kinds of treatments, which calms down the body, a mind, and soul. Duration will be about 120 to 180 minutes / days with, intake of herbal medicines

COOKING CLASS

Cookery classes – Learn cookery from our kitchen. Indian food are best in the world. True traditional Indian food and its ingredients are medicine on its own. Learn Indian cooking system to have a healthy family back home. Indian food are never prepared without using the below mentioned ingredients. These ingredients are scientifically researched and found to address all diseases. Indian food itself is a medicine. Ginger, fights against cold and flu and relieves headache. Coriander is rich in vitamins and minerals. Contains calcium phosphorous, iron, few vitamins from vitamin B complex group and vitamin C. Black pepper improves digestion, promotes intestinal health and stimulates the taste buds in such a way that, an alert is sent to the stomach to increase hydrochloric acid secretion, thereby improving digestion. Garlic reduces cholesterol and blood pressure and reduces risk of heart attack and heart diseases. Cumin powder has healing effects for nausea, infection, inflammatory problems, autoimmune disorder, high blood pressure, cholesterol levels and digestive disorders. Cardamom helps in reducing flatulence and strengthening digestive activities. It activates our appetite by acting on salivary secretion. It is a time-tested medicine for nausea, dry vomiting, motion sickness, vertigo and indigestion. Turmeric Powder works as an antioxidant thus preventing the formation of cancer cells & is capable of controlling Alzheimer’s disease. Cinnamon has favorable effects on brain function and memory. It soothes the stomach, helps prevent ulcers, reduces blood sugar and increases insulin levels. Our Chef and Cooks teach you all kind of best Indian food at our own Kitchen.

SPECIAL PRAYER / POOJA: ( No cost involved – Free)

Special Prayer – La Woods Hotel staff conduct prayer daily at the fourth floor from 9:00 A.M to 9:30 A.M. It is a general prayer by uttering few Mantras and praising lords with poems given by sithars and gurus. You can learn about the procedure to conduct daily family prayers to pray again back home along with mantras, poems. You can take the copies of the mantras and poems for your use at home prayer

PUJA is a sacred practice that Hindu people perform on different occasions to show respect to their deities. It is considered as an act of showing reverence to the Almighty through invocations, prayers, slokas, bhajans, and rituals. According to Hinduism, Puja makes a spiritual connection between the deity and the devotee.

AGRICULTURE AND FARMING:

Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fiber and biofuel, medicinal and other products used to sustain and enhance human life. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species creates surplus food that nurtured the development of civilization. The study of agriculture is known as agricultural science. The history of agriculture dates back thousands of years, and its development has been driven and defined by greatly different climates, cultures, and technologies. However, all farming generally relies on techniques to expand and maintain the lands that are suitable for raising domesticated species. For plants, this usually requires some form of irrigation, although there are methods of farming. Livestock are raised in a combination of grassland-based and landless systems, in an industry that covers almost one-third of the world’s ice- and water-free area. In the developed world, industrial agriculturebased on large-scale monoculture has become the dominant system of modern farming, although there is growing support for sustainable agriculture, including permaculture and organic agriculture.
Farming has been innovated at multiple different points and places in human history. The transition from hunter-gatherer to settled,agricultural societies is called the Neolithic Revolution and first began around 12,000 years ago. It was the world’s first historically verifiable revolution in agriculture. Subsequent step-changes in human farming practices were provoked by the British Agricultural Revolution in the eighteenth century, and the Green Revolution of the second half of the twentieth.

VILLAGE:

A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand. Though often located in rural areas, the term urban village is also applied to certain urban neighbourhoods. Villages are normally permanent, with fixed dwellings; Further, the dwellings of a village are fairly close to one another, not scattered broadly over the landscape, as a dispersed settlement.
In the past, villages were a usual form of community for societies that practise subsistence agriculture, and also for some non-agricultural societies. In many cultures, towns and cities were few, with only a small proportion of the population living in them. The Industrial Revolution attracted people in larger numbers to work in mills and factories; the concentration of people caused many villages to grow into towns and cities. Villages have been eclipsed in importance as units of human society and settlement.
Although many patterns of village life have existed, the typical village was small, consisting of perhaps 5 to 30 families. Homes were situated together for sociability and defence, and land surrounding the living quarters was farmed. Traditional fishing villages were based on artisan fishing and located adjacent to fishing grounds.

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